Diabetes is a disorder of carbohydrate (sugar) metabolism. The swings in blood sugar experienced by diabetics are linked to the reduced ability of cells to absorb the sugar they need for energy. This ultimately results in damage to the small vessels throughout the body. The eye is the only place in the human body that provides a “window” to see this damage before it is too late to treat.
Both Type 1 and 2 diabetics are at risk of developing diabetic retinopathy (damage to the retina). It is one of the leading causes of preventable blindness in adults. Retinopathy is directly correlated with nephropathy (kidney damage) in diabetics, so regular monitoring is of paramount importance