Myopia (nearsightedness) is on the rise. With our children spending more time in front of screens and less time outdoors, myopia is fast becoming an epidemic. By the year 2050, it is estimated that 50% of the world will suffer from myopia – about 5 billion people.
The consequences of high myopia are more than just thick glasses. Those with myopia have a higher risk of retinal detachment, blindness or vision impairment due to myopic macular degeneration (MMD) and myopic retinopathy. Cases of cataracts and glaucoma also increase with higher severity of myopia.
Thankfully, new advances in myopia control are now actively being researched. Although the literature on this subject is still in its infancy, there are some good studies to draw from.
At Mission Eye Care, we offer three main options for myopia control, depending on the unique lifestyle and visual requirements of each individual patient. For all patients, at least 2 hours of outdoor time every day is recommended as it has been shown to be correlated with later onset and reduced progression of myopia. If there is any amount of myopia prior to age 11, myopia control strategies are recommended.